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Table 4 Descriptive Statistics

From: Analysis of corporate sustainability performance and corporate financial performance causal linkage in the Indian context

  ESG E S G ROA ROE TOBINSQ FAGE FSIZE R_D RISK
Mean 25.4349 15.5981 25.2423 47.9582 8.0689 16.2931 2.5183 45.3153 4.9878 0.6860 1.0284
Median 21.0744 10.8527 22.8070 46.4286 6.2749 16.0009 1.5271 38.0000 4.9812 0.0218 0.9900
Maximum 61.5702 62.7907 82.4561 76.7857 54.5950 194.0526 31.8099 156.0000 6.8516 69.1036 2.6400
Minimum 7.8512 1.7857 3.1250 26.7857 −45.5035 −195.2500 0.4267 4.0000 2.4949 0.0000 0.0200
Std. Dev. 11.7248 14.1584 15.8384 7.4881 8.1809 21.8006 2.4917 25.9943 0.7133 2.8306 0.4225
Skewness 1.3448 1.4482 0.6291 0.7747 0.6758 −2.0242 3.4256 1.0402 −0.0753 13.7705 0.5516
Kurtosis 3.8014 4.0921 2.6644 3.9797 6.2085 28.1778 22.1276 4.0027 2.6850 277.1488 3.2091
Jarque-Bera 656.6768 798.8948 141.3802 280.2000 1010.6386 54,219.7979 34,417.3963 444.6703 10.1625 6,329,504.5161 105.1303
Probability 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0062 0.0000 0.0000
Observations 2001 2001 2001 2001 2001 2001 2001 2001 2001 2001 2001