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Table 3 Governance Interactions between the Indonesian State and InPOP: staying in Coordination

From: Friend or foe? The various responses of the Indonesian state to sustainable non-state palm oil initiatives


Agenda setting

Rule formation









No interaction

No interaction

Dissatisfaction from some state officials with the progress and clarity of InPOP’s programs

Not enough information


No interaction

Coordination to develop the multi-stakeholder forum involving actors from government, development partners, private sector, and civil society organisations

Coordination through division of labour between the Ministry of Agriculture and UNDP

Coordination in addressing issues relating to smallholders, land, HCV, and inter-ministerial collaboration

Further coordination was developed to shift the leadership to the Ministry of Agriculture.

Not enough information


Coordination between an international agency (UNDP) and the Indonesian state (Ministry of Agriculture) motivated by awareness of the importance of the state’s role in improving regulation and addressing smallholder issues

No interaction

No interaction

Not enough information