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Table 1 unit root test

From: Assessing the effects of trade openness on sustainable development: evidence from India

VariableAt levelsAt 1st difference
T valueP valueT valueP value
LnTO−1.6650.437−5.560.001
LnGCF0.0340.954−6.470.000
LnADR−0.5130.873−3.730.081
CSI−0.4830.880−8.080.000
LnGGDP−0.9890.743−5.010.000
LnGAP0.51470.98−7.590.000
LnLPI0.2780.976−4.2240.000
LnGINI−1.0810.379−4.0120.001
  1. Source: author’s own calculation
  2. LnTO stands for log of trade openness, LnGGDP is the log of green GDP; LnADR is log of average dependency ratio; LnGCF log of gross capital formation and CSI stands for composite sustainability indicator