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Table 5 Response time and transport and logistics challenges for Disaster relief

From: Potential applications of unmanned ground and aerial vehicles to mitigate challenges of transport and logistics-related critical success factors in the humanitarian supply chain

Response time24 to 48 h1 to 2 h (national level)24 to 96 h25 min to 48 h12 to 72 h12 to 60 h
National levelWithin 24 hWithin 1–2 h of disaster
First aid, ambulance service
Within 24–48 hWithin 25 min to 12 hWithin 12 hWithin 12 to 24 h
International levelWithin 24–48 hN/AWithin 48–96 hWithin 48 hWithin 48–72 hWithin 24 to 60 h
Consequence of logistics & transport activates on response time.Long distances, lack of infrastructure, permissions from gov., limited resources, border controlBulk material transportation, coordination & planning, long distances, customInternational procurement & sourcing, manpower and vehicles availability, custom clearanceLack of infrastructure, limited resources, coordination & collaboration, procurement, and sourcingLong distances, safety & security, custom, gov. Policies, manpower and vehicles availabilityCollaboration and coordination, permissions from gov., limited resources, custom clearance
Challenges in humanitarian relief operations due to logistics & transport activities.The driver shortage, a problem in renting vehicles, road infrastructure, communication, fuel,Vehicles shortage, limited labor, coordination, infrastructural inadequacies, communicationCustom and clearance, transport capacity, availability of vehicles, manpower shortage, gov. Policies, airport capacityInfrastructural inadequacies, human resources shortage, capacity challengesThe driver shortage, vehicle shortage, workforce shortage, coordination, gov. PoliciesLack of infrastructure, gov. Policies, custom clearance, long distances, coordination & communication, resource shortage
Transport related costVaries from country to country and project to project (14% to 21%, global level)N/AVaries from country to country and project to project (10% to 40% of total cost)25% to 60%20% to 40%N/A